When a tornado strikes New York – The first report
When a storm hits the US capital city, it can leave a trail of destruction.
In New York, a powerful tornado that tore through the city in October of 2016 left an estimated 10,000 people dead.
The twister was so powerful that its debris is still visible in parts of the city today.
However, this tornado was a rarity.
“It was probably the first tornado that had never been recorded in New York before,” said Dr Mark Crouch, a meteorologist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.
“In fact, the only other one was in a small town in Texas, and it was recorded by the same company that recorded that one.”
A tornado is a violent, high-speed, rotating, rotating tornado that often travels at about 50km/h, or over 200mph, in an updraft.
This means that the wind speed and direction is controlled by the updraft and not the direction of the rain.
“The wind speed is not necessarily the direction,” explained Dr Crouch.
“Sometimes the wind is going to be the opposite of the direction, but the direction is the direction the wind should be coming in.”
A tornadic storm is a tornado that causes major damage to buildings and crops, and a few fatalities.
Tornadoes are not as rare as they may seem.
According to the US National Weather Service, there were 1,917 tornadoes in 2014, which was a small decline on the year before.
There were 662 tornadoes recorded in 2012.
According to the National Weather Forecast Service, tornadoes are expected to be on the rise in the coming years, with the majority of them occurring in the northern half of the country.
“That’s why we’re excited about seeing this tornado in New Jersey,” said Mike O’Brien, a tornado expert at the University of Kansas.
“We expect it to have a lot of impact on New Jersey, and if it does, it’s going to bring more damage to the state,” he said.
“If it’s in New Mexico, it could bring a lot more damage,” said Bill Giannini, a Tornado Prevention Program manager at the National Hurricane Center.
But while tornadoes have been on the decline in the US, their damage to crops is still substantial.
“A lot of those crops are going to have some damage because they are going into the ground and they are losing their moisture,” said Tom O’Connell, a research scientist with the Cornell Cooperative Extension.
“You have to really consider how long the winds can stay in the area, and how long it takes the moisture to recover,” he added.
“Tornado damage to fruits and vegetables is a big concern.”
Dr Crouch said it was very rare for tornadoes to affect crops in New England.
“New England has the most severe tornado damage in the country,” he explained.
“But, the majority is in the Midwest and the Northeast.”
However, New York has some of the strongest storms in the state, which means farmers are still able to take out damaging storms.
“They don’t really have a way to counter the damage that they are doing to crops,” said O’Connor.
“And the damage from tornadoes, they can do it with a lot less damage.”
Tornados can cause massive damage if they travel through a storm drain or other storm drain.
“When a storm moves through a drain, it causes the ground underneath to lift up and cause water to flow over it,” explained O’Connor.
“So, when a storm does that, it creates a massive storm surge and it can also cause water levels to rise very high and create a lot water flooding.”
“The storm can go a lot higher, and the water levels can go higher, so the storm surge can be quite high,” he continued.
“Some of the water that is released into the atmosphere can cause some of these storms to be quite violent.”
But there is hope.
“There are some things that can be done to reduce the damage,” O’Coyle said.
“There are things that we can do that have been tried in the past.”
One thing we can really do is, we can increase the drainage around areas where there is tornadoes,” he concluded.